nroff - (BSD) format documents for display or line-printer


Environment Variables
See Also


/usr/ucb/nroff [-ehiqz] [-daS] [-da=S] [-Ffontdir] [-mname] [-nN] [-olist] [-raN] [-ra=N] [-sN] [-Tname] [-uN] [-xN]


nroff formats text in the named files for typewriter-like devices. Its capabilities are described in the Nroff/Troff user's manual.

If no file argument is present, the standard input is read. An argument consisting of a single minus (-) is taken to be a file name corresponding to the standard input. The options, which may appear in any order so long as they appear before the files, are:
-olist Print only pages whose page numbers appear in the comma-separated list of numbers and ranges. A range N-M means pages N through M; an initial -N means from the beginning to page N; and a final N- means from N to the end.
-nN Number first generated page N.
-sN Stop every N pages. Nroff will halt prior to every N pages (default N=1) to allow paper loading or changing, and will resume upon receipt of a newline.
-mname Prepend the macro file /usr/ucblib/doctools/tmac/ to the input files.
-raN Set register a (one-character) to N.
-ra=N Set register a (may be more than one character) to N.
-daN Define string a (one-character) to S.
-da=N Define string a (may be more than one character) to S.
-i Read standard input after the input files are exhausted.
-q Invoke the simultaneous input-output mode of the rd request.
-z Check syntax only; do not generate any output except for error messages.
-Ffontdir Use the directory fontdir to locate font files.
-u N Set the emboldening amount, i.e. the number of times a character is printed to simulate bold output, to N.
-Tname Prepare output for specified terminal. Known names are 37 for the (default) Teletype Corporation Model 37 terminal, lp for any line printer or terminal without half-line capability, tn300 for the GE TermiNet 300, 300S for the DASI-300S, 300 for the DASI-300, and 450 for the DASI-450 (Diablo Hyterm). A special name, locale, is also supported. It generates UTF-8 output if permitted by the current locale, and has the same effect as lp otherwise.
-e Produce equally-spaced words in adjusted lines, using full terminal resolution.
-h Use output tabs during horizontal spacing to speed output and reduce output character count. Tab settings are assumed to be every 8 nominal character widths.
-xN Enable extensions to previous versions of nroff at level N. Level 0 disables any extensions; level 1 enables all extensions except for long requests and request arguments; level 2 enables these in addition but executes short requests which are prefixes of undefined long requests; level 3 ignores undefined long requests.


  See locale(7).
  Determines the mapping of bytes to characters, and the choice of output characters with the -Tlocale option.
  Specifies a device name as with the -T option.
  Specifies the location to search for macro files with the -m option. This string forms a prefix to which the macro package name is immediately appended. Thus to make '-mname' work with a file '/path/to/', use 'TROFFMACS=/path/to/tmac.'


/tmp/ta*                    temporary file
/usr/ucblib/doctools/tmac/* standard macro files
/usr/ucblib/doctools/nterm/*terminal driving tables


J. F. Ossanna, Nroff/Troff user's manual
B. W. Kernighan, A TROFF Tutorial
eqn(1B), tbl(1B)

Heirloom Documentation Tools NROFF (1B) 9/4/06
Generated by a modified version of manServer 1.07 from heirloom-doctools-080407/troff/nroff.d/nroff.1b using man macros.